Bethan Palmer Bethan is a Java developer and a Java Champion. She has spoken at conferences including JavaOne/Code One, DevFest and NetBeans days. She has a degree in English Literature.

How to read PNG files in Java

1 min read

In this article, I will show you how to read PNG files in Java.

As part of a separate project to provide customers with a solution to provide an easy way to convert PDF to PNG files in our JPedal software, we wanted better PNG support than we could find in ImageIO and other image libraries. So we wrote our own implementation and made it available as part of JDeli.

What is a PNG?

PNG

PNG stands for Portable Network Graphics. It is a lossless, bitmap image format popular on the world wide web because it supports transparency in browsers. It was created to remove the need for GIF images in web browsers. Unlike GIF, PNG is an open standard with no patents.

The file name extension for PNG files is: .png

How to read a PNG image in Java with ImageIO

Step 1 Create a File handle, InputStream, or URL pointing to the raw PNG image.
Step 2 ImageIO will now be able to read a PNG file into a BufferedImage. This syntax is like so:

BufferedImage image = ImageIO.read(pngFileOrInputStreamOrURL)

How to read a PNG image in Java with JDeli

Step 1 Add JDeli to your class or module path. (download the trial jar).
Step 2 Create a File handle or InputStream pointing to the raw PNG image. You can also use a byte[] containing the image data.
Step 3 Read the PNG image into a BufferedImage

BufferedImage image = JDeli.read(pngFile);

Why use JDeli to read PNG images?

JDeli offers a range of advantages over ImageIO and alternatives, including:

  • prevents heap related JVM crashes
  • implements unsupported image formats
  • improve read performance
  • supports threading
  • superior image scaling algorithms

Learn more about JDeli, or download it to try it yourself.

Did you know...

IDRsolutions offers a whole range of online file converters to convert PDF and Microsoft Excel, Word and Office Documents to HTML5, SVG or image formats?

It is free to use for single file conversions and also includes Developer links if you want to use our commercial software for bulk conversions. Find out more on this page

Bethan Palmer Bethan is a Java developer and a Java Champion. She has spoken at conferences including JavaOne/Code One, DevFest and NetBeans days. She has a degree in English Literature.

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