Since we started to support both JPG and JPG2000 as image file outputs in our software, we have found that this is a very common question. So I thought a brief general explanation would be helpful.
JPG versus JPEG2000
JPG files have the file endings .jpg .jpeg .jpe .jif .jfif .jfi while JPEG2000 files finish with .jp2 .jpx .j2c .j2k .jpf. So kitten.jpg is a JPG file and kitten.jp2 would be a JPEG2000 version.
JPG is the original standard and JPEG2000 is the newer format. Both are open ISO standards with documentation online. If you want to read up, good starting points are https://jpeg.org/ or https://jpeg.org/jpeg2000/
JPEG2000 has some interesting new features, but it is not a direct replacement for JPG – there are still things JPG does better and not all tools currently support JPEG2000. The documentation online tends to be very technical and tell you about lots of the features (JPEG2000 ROI for example) but not the pros and cons.
So I asked our development team to summarise for me in reasonably non-technical language the benefits of each.
JPG is really good for
- Optimum for small images
- is widely supported
JPG is not so good for
- Not that great for scanned images containing text
- Low compression ratio for lossy compression
How does JPEG2000 compare?
- Better on large images (smaller images jpg is still smaller).
- Single decompression architecture
- Lossy and lossless compression
- No universal browser support
- Encoding is CPU intensive and encoding is not as fast and easy as encoding in jpeg.
- file format is less likely to be affected by ‘bit errors’ and other file system errors due to its more efficient coding structure
- Not backward compatible
- File extension:
- handling JPEG 2000 files is much more complex and requires more memory to process.
Which Image format to use?
JPG where I need to ensure it works on everything, have small images and do not need to get the smallest possible file sizes.
JPEG2000 where I have fast machines, want the best compression and am confident the users will be able to view them.
How to read and write JPEG and JPEG2000 images in Java?
We have tutorials on
- How to read JPEG images
- How to write JPEG images
- How to read JPEG2000 images
- How to write JPEG2000 images
Read and write images in Java with one line of code
Read an Image with
BufferedImage image = JDeli.read(streamOrFile);
and write an Image with
JDeli.write(myBufferedImage, OutputFormat.HEIC, outputStreamOrFile)